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An introduction to harmonic patterns
When all match, you have a sure profit: An introduction to harmonic patterns!
I want to share with you a strategy which is very old (1935,”Profits in the stock market” by H.M Gartley) and it still works with very good results but first let’s take a look in my trades.
The trades are from 2/4 and my perfofance was 80%. I predict right in 4 of 5 trades.I think it’s a respectable performance. Just kidding!
Now, let’s talk about the serious issues. “Harmonic Patterns” is an advanced level of technical analysis. You need to know to use very well fibonacci retracements and extensions,to identify how the price acts near support and resistance and overbought/oversold conditions. You can find this information in my first two articles with screenshots. Let’s go to see a screenshot.
Harmonic Pattern Trading Strategy – Easy Step By Step Guide
This Amazing Harmonic Pattern Trading Strategy will give you a whole new understanding of the price action. Our team at Trading Strategy Guides know the geometric patterns that can be found in nature. The same anomalies can be found in the financial markets, such as in harmonic patterns. This ability to repeat and create these intricate patterns is what makes the Forex harmonic patterns so incredible. We also have training for the fractal trading strategy.
Harmonic patterns are complex patterns in the Forex market. If you want to start with a simpler price action pattern, we recommend the Head and Shoulders Price Pattern Strategy.
We can distinguish six basic Forex harmonic patterns:
 Gartley Pattern – developed by H.M. Gartley, this pattern is the most frequently used in the harmonic trading community. Using Fibonacci ratios, the Gartley pattern seeks to identify instances of breakouts, resistance, and support. This pattern is characterized as an uptrend, followed by a small reversal, followed by a smaller uptrend, and completed by a larger reversal (forming an asymmetric “M” or “W” shape).
 Butterfly Pattern – there are two different types of butterfly patterns; bearish butterflies and bullish butterflies. Like the Gartley pattern, these patterns are designed to reveal when a trend reversal is stronger than the original trend. Using the triangles created within the butterfly, traders can determine whether holding a short or a long position is the most profitable.
 Crab Pattern – the crab pattern is ideal for traders trying to identify precise price movements. It enables traders to maximize returns on securities with low volatility. The crab pattern is similar to the butterfly pattern but is more condensed. This makes it possible to capture smaller movements.
 Bat Pattern – when compared to the other patterns, the bat pattern is still a trapezoid, but more symmetrical. For both the bearish and the bullish patterns, the right side and the left side will be nearly the same heights.
 Shark Pattern – the shark pattern is one of the newer harmonic trading patterns and has been in use since 2020. The pattern uses a similar fiveleg reversal sequence. The steep outside lines and shallow dip in the middle create a chart that resembles a dorsal fin. This is how the shark pattern gets its name.
 Cypher Pattern – the cypher pattern is an advanced trading pattern that combines Fibonacci trading with other indicators (such as RSI). The cypher uses tighter Fibonacci ratios (usually less than 1), which creates a “steeper” visual appearance.
Each of these patterns will help you effectively issue stop losses and stop limits. In order to get a more comprehensive view of the market, it is useful to monitor multiple harmonic trading patterns at once.
There are many benefits of harmonic trading. For example, if you become an expert in one of the Forex harmonic patterns, you’ll know how to trade it on certain pairs. You’ll be able to know when the best time to trade is and when the market is going to react in a certain way.
You’ll become an expert in Forex harmonic patterns. A useful tool for trading this strategy is a harmonic pattern scanner or a dashboard that shows all the patterns on different instruments. However, we recommend that you learn the patterns well before using a scanner or dashboard.

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Our favorite time frame for the Amazing Harmonic Pattern Trading Strategy is the 1h, 4h or the Daily chart. For simplicity’s sake, we’re going to refer to the Amazing Harmonic Pattern Trading Strategy as the AHPT trading strategy. We don’t want to go to lower time frames because, after extensive backtesting, we discovered the Amazing Harmonic Pattern Trading Strategy works best on higher time frames.
If you want quick profits, check out our favorite day trading strategy, the Best Stochastic Trading Strategy – Easy 6 Step Strategy. It might be more suitable for your own needs. This strategy performs the same and is suitable for trading other asset classes like stocks, futures, options, etc.
Throughout this article, you’ll learn the effectiveness of this pattern the strengths and the weakness. You’ll also learn how to efficiently trade the Forex harmonic patterns. This ability to consistently repeat makes the Forex harmonic patterns attractive for our team at Trading Strategy Guides. We also have training on how to trade with the Gartley pattern.
Before we get started, let’s look at what indicators we need to successfully trade the Harmonic Pattern Trading Strategy:
If you aren’t that great on geometry most standard Forex trading platform comes with a harmonic pattern indicator. This can help you spot and measure the Forex harmonic pattern. The Forex harmonic patterns use the Fibonacci numbers to define accurate trading points.
TradingView Platform: Harmonic Pattern Indicator
The harmonic pattern indicator allows you to call market turning points with a high level of accuracy. Check out the Price Action Pin Bar Trading Strategy if you don’t have prior knowledge of how a reversal trading strategy looks.
Let’s now jump into the rules of the AHPT trading strategy.
Note*: Moving forward, we’ll be focusing on the Butterfly harmonic pattern. This is one of the most common Forex harmonic patterns.
What is the Butterfly harmonic pattern?
In technical analysis, the Butterfly harmonic pattern is a reversal pattern composed of four legs. A leg is a swing wave movement that connects and is composed of a swing high and a swing low. Here is how to identify the right swing to boost your profit.
Butterfly harmonic pattern rules summary:
 AB= 0.786 or 78.6% retracement of the XA swing leg;
 BC= minimum 38.2% – maximum 88.6% of AB swing leg;
 CD= minimum 1.618 – maximum 2.618 of AB swing leg;
 CD=minimum 1.272% – maximum 1.618% of XA swing leg;
Defining the Butterfly harmonic pattern.
The Butterfly harmonic pattern depends upon the B point. It defines the structure and sets up the other measurements within the pattern to define the trade opportunities. To the Butterfly pattern the B point, it must possess a precise 78.6% retracement of the XA swing. Other rules that redefine the structure further include the BC projection that must be at least 1.618 measurements.
Also, the Butterfly pattern must include an equivalent AB=CD pattern. It’s a minimum requirement. However, the alternate 1.27AB=CD is more common for this structure.
The 1.27XA projection is the most critical number in the potential reversal zones. And, finally, the C point must be within the range of 0.3820.886 retracement.
You can start drawing the butterfly pattern as soon as you have the first two legs of the pattern. Once you have the points X, A and B, you can begin monitoring the price action. You can look for confirmation that the wave C conforms to the Butterfly pattern rules.
The Amazing Harmonic Pattern Trading Strategy Rules
Now it’s the time to reveal the Amazing Harmonic Pattern Trading Strategy rules. We’ll start with the most exciting part. This is always the entry point and continue down with the rules for the stop loss and take profit orders.
There is one important thing that we need to learn before to actually define the Harmonic Pattern Trading Strategy rules. This is to give you indications on how to apply the Harmonic pattern indicator.
Step #1 How to apply the Harmonic Pattern Indicator
I would walk you through this process step by step. All you need to do is to follow this simple guide. See figure below for a better understanding of the process:
 First, click on the harmonic pattern indicator which can be located on the righthand side toolbar of the TradingView platform. In the MT4 terminal, you can locate the harmonic pattern indicator in the Indicators library.
 Identify on the chart the starting point X, which can be any swing high or low point on the chart.
 Once you’ve located your first swing high/low point you simply have to follow the market swing wave movements.
 You need to have 4 points or 4 swing high/low points that bind together and form the Forex harmonic patterns. Every swing leg must be validated and abide by the harmonic pattern strategy rules as presented above.
Now, we’re going to give the entry rules for the bullish Butterfly harmonic pattern.
Bullish Butterfly Harmonic Pattern – Buy Entry
Ideally, as a trader, you would like to enter at the completion of point D. As we established earlier, the point D of the Butterfly Forex harmonic pattern can develop anywhere between 1.27 – 1.618 Fibonacci extension of A leg. Since the market is not a perfect place, we’ll initiate a buy order once the markets hit the 1.27 Fibonacci extension.
In the above example, we entered at 1.272 Fibonacci extension, but we can already see point D extend to 1.573 Fibonacci extension. This is still inside the 1.272 – 1.618 range that validates the bullish Butterfly harmonic pattern.
That’s still a great entry level.
Where to place your protective stop loss is the next logical question.
Bullish Butterfly Harmonic Pattern – Stop Loss
For the Bullish Butterfly Harmonic Pattern, you normally want to place your protective stop loss below the 1.618 Fibonacci extension of the XA leg. That’s the logical place to hide your stop loss. This is because any break below will automatically invalidate the Butterfly harmonic pattern.
So far, we defined the proper entry point and the stop loss location for the Harmonic Pattern Trading Strategy. Now, it’s time to switch our focus and define where to take the profits.
Bullish Butterfly Harmonic Pattern – Take Profit
Adding multiple take profits with the AHPT trading strategy will enhance further your trading experience. and will influence the expected profitability because this will almost guarantee you’ll bank in a profit. The Forex harmonic patterns, while they are a reliable pattern, you want to be very aggressive with your profit target.
As the saying goes: “No one has gone broke by taking a profit”
So, where do you take your first partial profit?
See figure below:
The Amazing Harmonic Pattern Trading Strategy has a more conservative first partial profit target established at Point B. Normally this is the place where you will expect to find some resistance on the way back up because it’s an important swing point.
We want to close the second part of our trade once we hit the 0.618 Fibonacci retracement of the CD leg. You can even aim for a retest of point A. Although that can be your next target once you become more experienced with the harmonic pattern indicator.
Have a look at the chart below:
Note** The above was an example of a BUY trade using the Bullish Butterfly Forex Harmonic Pattern. Use the same rules for the Bearish Butterfly Forex Harmonic Pattern for a SELL trade. In the figure below you can see an actual SELL trade example. You can do this using the Bearish Butterfly Forex Harmonic Pattern.
Don’t be discouraged if this chart may look confusing at first look. Study the above rules and you’ll find this trade example follows the strategy rules perfectly.
Conclusion:
For all Forex harmonic patterns, and trading in general, precision is the key. This is because we eliminate mistakes when we’re as precise as possible. The Harmonic Pattern Trading Strategy gives us the highest probabilities for success. The great thing about the Forex harmonic patterns is they recognize areas where supply and demand come into focus. If you’re a fan of supply and demand trading, read Supply and Demand Trading – Learn about Market Movement. It is a great preface to supply and demand trading.
Thank you for reading!
Please leave a comment below if you have any questions about this strategy!
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How to Trade Using Harmonic Patterns (XABCD Patterns)
Harmonic Patterns (XABCD Pattern) drawing tool allows analysts created by Harold McKinley Gartley to highlight various five point chart patterns. Users can manually draw and maneuver the five separate points (XABCD). The XABCD points create four separate legs which combine to form chart patterns. The four legs are referred to as XA, AB, BC, and CD.
Each of the five points (XABCD) represent a significant high or low in terms of price on the chart. Therefore, the four previously mentioned legs (XA, AB, BC, CD) represent different trends or price movements which move in opposite directions.
As a result there are four major XABCD chart patterns that are most common. These patterns can be either bullish or bearish. The four major patterns include: Gartley, Butterfly, Crab and Bat.
Before you explore the harmonic pattern we suggest to lean Fibonacci retracement and Fibonacci extension (Expansion).
In your MT4 chart less freely draw this pattern, so you need to use advanced charts that we provide.
Gartley Pattern
Gartley shape when the price action has been going on for an uptrend (or downtrend), but has begun to show signs of correction.
The pattern consists of ABCD pattern bullish or bearish, but preceded by a point (X) which are beyond the point D. Gartley pattern “perfect” has the following characteristics:
 AB movement should be 61.8% retracement of XA.
 BC movement should be 38.2% or 88.6% retracement of AB.
 If BC 38.2% retracement , CD must move 127.2% of BC. Therefore, if BC is 88.6%, the CD should be expanded 161.8% of BC.
 CD Movement should be 78.6% retracement of XA
Butterfly Pattern
Butterfly pattern made by Bryce Gilmore, perfect Butterfly pattern is defined as the 78.6% Fibonacci retracement AB of XA . Butterfly contains special characteristics:
 The length of AB should be 78.6% retracement of XA.
 The length of BC can be 38.2% or 88.6% retracement move from AB.
 If BC move 38.2% retracement of AB, then CD to be 161.8% of BC. So, if BC is 88.6% moving from AB, then CD should be expanded 261.8% of BC.
 CD must be 127% or 161.8% of XA.
Crub Pattern
In 2000, Scott Carney, strongly believe in the harmonic pattern, and find the “Crab” / crab.
According to him, this is the most accurate among all the harmonic pattern as Potential Reversal Zone extreme way of movement XA.
This pattern has a high risk and reward because you can put a very tight stop loss. Crab pattern “Perfect” should have the following aspects:
 The length of AB should be 38.2% or 61.8% retracement of the XA.
 The length of BC can be 38.2% or 88.6% retracement of the length AB.
 If the length of BC 38.2% retracement of AB, CD must be 224% of BC. Thus, if the length of BC is 88.6% of the length of AB, then the length of the CD should be 361.8% of BC.
 CD should be 161.8% of the length of XA.
Bat Pattern
In 2001, Scott Carney find another Harmonic Patterns called “Bat”. The Bat is defined from the 88.6% Fibonacci retracement of the movement XA as Potential Reversal Zone. Bat pattern has the following characteristics:
 The length of AB should be 38.2% or 50.0% retracement of XA.
 BC can be either 38.2% or 88.6% retracement of the AB.
 If retracement BC 38.2% of AB, then CD must 161.8% of BC. Thus, if the BC 88.6% moving from AB, then CD must 261.8% of BC.
 CD to be 88.6% retracement of XA

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